What is a Narrative Convention? Significance of Narrative conventions

Are we aware of narrative conventions? Well, Narrative conventions are the techniques, which are used by the writers to create a meaningful story. There are certain things that the writers keep in mind while doing narrative writing such as settings, a point of view, plot development and a plot device. Thus, there are different types of narratives like novels, poetry, short stories, fables, dramas, and folk tales. Also, they exist in music, cinema, and theatre. Basically, it’s a technique that a writer uses to convey the information in the form of essay type 

Writer has to keep in mind that his writing should not confuse the viewers about events, time and space. Precisely, the characters need to be goal-oriented and active. Narrative convention depends on the written or the spoken words. So, this technique reflects the lives of people on the basis of their own stories.

Moreover, it's quite an interesting task for both students and teachers as they write with their own imagination, skills, clarity of elements, and creativity. Purpose of this narration is not only to narrate a story to an audience however, it also motivates, educates and entertains people. It is quite a challenging work to keep the audience involved in the story.

Narrative Conventions are of two sides

1.Primary narrative conventions: These conventions make a direct impact on the literary content.

2. Secondary Convention: These conventions are also impactful however, don’t make a direct impact through the literary content. 

Different types of Narrative Technique

Every writer tries their best to use the best technique to make a powerful story. Therefore, different techniques are being used to share stories with readers. Writers try to use techniques like character development, plot building, description of roles, and making the stories real for the readers.

Few commonly used narrative techniques are:

1. Autobiographical novels:

These novels are written about the personal life of the narrator. The characters of these novels are also from colleagues or real-life friends of the writer. These novels usually gather the attention of the readers who really admire that particular writer.   

2. Historical Stories:

In this story the narrator tries to gather information about the past with details of historical facts and figures. This kind of story narrates the life of real people along with some incidents and fictional characters added to it. It attracts the attention of readers by mysteries, sagas, fantasy, series and historical romantic fiction.

3. Third person omniscient:

These stories are narrated in the third person. These people are used for interacting with the readers directly and the writer uses the third person who knows everything. They usually speak with the voice of the writer as they pretend to know all about the story that is being told.

4. Self–Narrative:

Basically, in these stories, the writer uses his own voice to narrate the story. Here, the writer refers to himself as I thought he might not be the main character in the story. This technique is used in writing personal diaries, memoirs, mystery novels.

Elements of Narrative Technique

1. Preparing a narrative plot:

Writers plot a story on two pillars. The main character of the story is being introduced in the first pillar that keeps the story moving. In the second pillar important events happened where the characters prepare for the movement of the story.

2. Making a scene:

Scene is created with action, dialogue, and the story in detail. Scene makes the story lively as viewers can feel the scene, feel the character of the story and their response. These scenes are saved for plot development and action sequence.

3. Characterization:

Fiction writing basically makes the fictitious character into a real existing character as per the story. The writer also works on having a better understanding of how the character should appear, look, speak and how other people recognize him and his aim is to get into the character and accomplish the story.


This is an extremely important element. Setting of the play means when you start getting the feel of that play and get totally involved into it. It forms the time, place and the environment in which the narrator and the character performs. This setting of a play is so crucial as it makes the story believable or the one which doesn’t impress the audience at all.

5.Point of view:

Point of view encourages the reader to find out the reason behind that story. Therefore,constructing a point of view is essential for the story.

6. Conflict:

Conflict influences the plotit helps the character to be motivated. Writer needs to have a thorough understanding about deciding conflict that inspires his story. This keeps the readers engaged and they have sympathy with the characters and the narrator also understands the work and enjoys the complexity of the story.

7. Theme:

If a writer has a clear understanding of the theme, then it will help him to convey his message well and the people will find it interesting. Therefore, the theme should be very clear. This element helps the narrator to focus on its narration.

Example of Narrative Technique

1 Personification:

Personification is basically a type of metaphor and it is used to compare two things by applying the quality of one over the other. Many writers use it to make their story interesting.

e.g. My new job is a piece of mind.


It is a way of writing by which you can make something interesting and impressive to read.

e.g. He is running faster than the wind.


It takes the reader into the world of a story and makes it appealing for them to read.

e.g. “It was dark, haunted house” now, over here people would like to know what had happened in that dark haunted house and they start visualizing the scene 

No Need To Pay Extra
  • Turnitin Report

  • Proofreading and Editing

    Per Page
  • Consultation with Expert

    Per Hour
  • Live Session 1-on-1

    Per 30 min.
  • Quality Check

  • Total


New Special Offer

Get 25% Off