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A time-lagged study of new graduate nurses’ transition to practice

Title:

The title is reflecting the critical variables of the article. From the title, the readers can easily understand the theme of the article. Though the title does not contain the information about the population, but it is conveying the context of the study as well. Even, no hint of paradigm has been given through the title. However, this is not possible to mention the paradigm through title, in that sense it can be said that the formation of the title is perfectly all right.

Abstract:

In abstract, it has been written that this article has focused on the transition of new graduate nurses practice. The abstract itself has described the fact that the article is about the change of the graduate nurses to the professional life in the Canadian hospital. Even, the abstract has raised an interest to read more. Thus more knowledge can be gained regarding this change. On the flip side, it needs to be mentioned that, the abstract should be at least some more information regarding the article. It was needed to contain the name of the paradigm and sampling there.

Literature Review:

The theme of the literature review is concerned about the environment of structural work. It has discussed authentic leadership. This study has focused on the work environment that needs to provide to the new nurses, which is strength of it. However, the weakness is that it does not indicate that how the nurses can adopt the new environment quickly. It should be considered as a gap in this article. It has discussed the authentic leadership, which includes some key features like trusting relationship and foster honest (Braun & Hornuf, 2017). Other than that, the conceptual framework has directed to the New Graduate Successful Transition and Retention Model. It provides a framework that helps to explore the practice transition successfully for the new graduate nurses (Laschinger et al. < ........

the title. However, this is not possible to mention the paradigm through title, in that sense it can be said that the formation of the title is perfectly all right.

Abstract:

In abstract, it has been written that this article has focused on the transition of new graduate nurses practice. The abstract itself has described the fact that the article is about the change of the graduate nurses to the professional life in the Canadian hospital. Even, the abstract has raised an interest to read more. Thus more knowledge can be gained regarding this change. On the flip side, it needs to be mentioned that, the abstract should be at least some more information regarding the article. It was needed to contain the name of the paradigm and sampling there.

Literature Review:

The theme of the literature review is concerned about the environment of structural work. It has discussed authentic leadership. This study has focused on the work environment that needs to provide to the new nurses, which is strength of it. However, the weakness is that it does not indicate that how the nurses can adopt the new environment quickly. It should be considered as a gap in this article. It has discussed the authentic leadership, which includes some key features like trusting relationship and foster honest (Braun & Hornuf, 2017). Other than that, the conceptual framework has directed to the New Graduate Successful Transition and Retention Model. It provides a framework that helps to explore the practice transition successfully for the new graduate nurses (Laschinger et al. 2016). It is apparently appropriate to understand the topical issue as well.

Research Problems/ hypothesis:

The research questions are obvious and understandable. It is linked up with the literature review part of the article, but it does not indicate any such issue related to the nursing profession.

Research Design:

Explanatory research design has been chosen here as it has explained the fact about the newly Graduated nurses and their transition to the professional life. The research design needs to be clearly mentioned (Creswell, 2013). However, the method part of this article does not clearly mention about the research design.

Sampling and Recruitment:

Two waved national survey has been chosen as the process of sampling. A researcher needs to be cautious while finalising the sample size (Sekaran & Bougie, 2016). This study has included 3906 nurses by combining both the fresh and experienced nurses. The sample has reflected the problem statement of the research as well. On the flip side, while mentioning about the recruitment, this article needs to be clearer about it.

Data Collection:

The chosen nurses have received the questions, information letter, and pre-paid study questionnaire and gift card worth $2. The French-speaking nurses have received the questionnaire translated into the French language. After four weeks they have been remaindered to complete the questionnaire.  At the Time 2 survey, the nurses were being mailed the follow up questionnaire. No new nurse has been taken for this survey as well. The earlier nurses those have made the part in the previous survey, the researcher has only chosen them. 2406 nurses have resurveyed returned the complete questionnaire. It seems that this response rate is 39.8%.

Data Analysis:

Data analysis is a process in which required data has been collected and arranged to derive further information (Gelman et al., 2014). While analysing the data, the researcher has used the paired t-test as well as the correlations of Person. Four the hierarchical regression analysis has been used for assessing the Time 1 and for the time 2, the job satisfaction variation has been selected. SPSS software has been used to analyse the data. While analysing the missing data it has been noted that less than 5 % data has been missed. Therefore, it can be said that maximum amount of data have been gathered. It seems that the survey was successful and the result was authentic. The researcher has included cases with the missing values in this analysis while imputing the score. The standardised questionnaire with the accepted psychometric properties has been used here. 

Research Ethics:

The ethical approval for this research has been granted by University of Western Ontario ethics board. The researcher has protected the personal information of the respondents. The Data Protection Act 1998 should be obeyed while conducting a research work (Chua et al., 2017). Hence, the researcher has follows it properly in this study. Furthermore, the researcher would respect the emotion of the respondents (Adshead & Slack, 2017). Thus, no respondent has been forced to take part in the survey. The questionnaire was ethically permitted by Human Research Ethics Committees (HRECs).

Findings:

The findings of the paper have shown both the personal as well as situational factors. They have signified the satisfactory amount of new graduate nurses about their jobs and careers. The findings of the research have strengthened the cross-sectional result of the study. The findings have explained the current situation of the respondents that they are happily serving their professional career. In other words, it can be said that the findings of this study has established the truth that the graduate nurses are satisfied with their job profile and the work environment of Canadian hospital.

Discussion:

The discussion part was signifying the findings of the study. It has analysed the findings elaborately and made a proper debate about it. From the discussion part, it has been informed that this was the first national survey occurred in Canada. It has mainly intended to focus on the changes in work life and personal factors of the new graduate nurse. It has provided an idea about the retention of the nurses as well. The discussion part has established that the work life of new graduate nurses is stable and progressive. It has mentioned differently the Time 1 and Time 2 results as well. It is true that the discussion part has pointed out separately each of the variables like work life and others. However, it should be better if the article has jotted down the main factors in bullet points at the beginning of the discussion part. It would help the readers to get an overall idea at a glance.

Reliability and Validity:

All the measures taken for the survey are validated and reliable. However, no specific measure was there to ensure the reliability of gathered data. All the information has been received through the mail. Therefore, it entirely depends on the assumption that the respondents have provided the correct replies. However, no such internal issues were there during the data collection except the selection of respondents, but substantial external problems have occurred there as most of the respondents were not ready to take part in the survey. Thus, it was a tough task to convince them in this regard.

References

Adshead, D., & Slack, F. (2017, January). EU general data protection regulation: the impact on English local authorities. In The Proceedings of 17th European Conference on Digital Government ECDG 2017 (p. 1).

Braun, S., & Hornuf, L. (2017). Authentic leadership and followers' cheating behavior–A laboratory experiment from a self-concept maintenance perspective. In Authentic Leadership and Followership: International Perspectives (p. forthcoming). Palgrave Macmillan.

Chua, H. N., Wong, S. F., Chang, Y., & Libaque-Saenz, C. F. (2017). Unveiling the coverage patterns of newspapers on the personal data protection act. Government Information Quarterly.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Gelman, A., Carlin, J. B., Stern, H. S., Dunson, D. B., Vehtari, A., & Rubin, D. B. (2014). Bayesian data analysis (Vol. 2). Boca Raton, FL: CRC press.

Laschinger, H. K. S., Cummings, G., Leiter, M., Wong, C., MacPhee, M., Ritchie, J., ... & Young-Ritchie, C. (2016). Starting Out: A time-lagged study of new graduate nurses’ transition to practice. International journal of nursing studies57, 82-95.

Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley & Sons.