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Annotated Bibliography | Journal of Sustainable Tourism

Annotated Bibliography

Espiner, S. and Becken, S., 2014. Tourist towns on the edge: Conceptualising vulnerability and resilience in a protected area tourism system. Journal of Sustainable Tourism22(4), pp.646-665.

This Research Paper deals with two iconic destinations of New Zealand, which are facing sustainability issues as they are very far from the markets. Nevertheless they still attract a huge number of tourists which is the basis of that district’s economy. However, the spots are threatened by natural calamities like earthquake and flooding, rise in fuel prices and drastic change in climate that could pose threat due to melting of the glaciers. The paper has done a qualitative analysis by interviewing 24 stakeholders to evaluate the susceptibility to change as it can hamper the economic viability of the tourist spot. The deduction made displays that vulnerability and reliance are not directly proportional to each other. Both are compatible concepts which contribute a lot to the analysis of the tourism to protected area which has been facing a lot of challenges. Therefore it can be said that using the human environment system view, the ideas of resilience and vulnerability are combined to research on the width of the change that have been able to mould the societal strata. Hence the literature is very relevant for the study as it harps on the factors that affect regional tourist spots.

Hopkins, D., 2014. The sustainability of climate change adaptation strategies in New Zealand's ski industry: a range of stakeholder perceptions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism22(1), pp.107-126

This research deals with the adaptation strategies in the ski industry of New Zealand and analyzes the sustainability of these strategies. Adapting to climate change is characterized by identifying the business opportunities and ........

tions of New Zealand, which are facing sustainability issues as they are very far from the markets. Nevertheless they still attract a huge number of tourists which is the basis of that district’s economy. However, the spots are threatened by natural calamities like earthquake and flooding, rise in fuel prices and drastic change in climate that could pose threat due to melting of the glaciers. The paper has done a qualitative analysis by interviewing 24 stakeholders to evaluate the susceptibility to change as it can hamper the economic viability of the tourist spot. The deduction made displays that vulnerability and reliance are not directly proportional to each other. Both are compatible concepts which contribute a lot to the analysis of the tourism to protected area which has been facing a lot of challenges. Therefore it can be said that using the human environment system view, the ideas of resilience and vulnerability are combined to research on the width of the change that have been able to mould the societal strata. Hence the literature is very relevant for the study as it harps on the factors that affect regional tourist spots.

Hopkins, D., 2014. The sustainability of climate change adaptation strategies in New Zealand's ski industry: a range of stakeholder perceptions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism22(1), pp.107-126

This research deals with the adaptation strategies in the ski industry of New Zealand and analyzes the sustainability of these strategies. Adapting to climate change is characterized by identifying the business opportunities and taking advantage of these opportunities and reducing risks at the same time. It has been seen that typically an advantage becomes sustainable when it considers all the three factors of economy, society and environment. This research is qualitative nature where key stakeholders of the ski industry have been interviewed on their perceptions of adaptation to climate change by the core industry and also the tourists and the local community. The deductions made from the analysis are that snowmaking has been the main change that has been used by field operators to ensure the economic sustainability of the ski industry so that seasons can be extended beyond the general norms. However there has been no consideration made on the environmental and social sustainability of snowmaking. Though some local people question the ethical background of snowmaking, the core industry people prefer it. This is a relevant literature as it deals with the climatic changes that influence the tourist spots.

Lim, C., Chong, Y.X. and Sutjipto, M., 2012. Creating value through sustainable business practices. European Journal of Tourism Research5(2), p.118.

This research aims to study the significance of sustainable business practices to create stakeholder value in a business. The organization taken to carry out the research is Auckland Airport, the biggest airport and the gateway of international tourists in New Zealand. The Airport has recently entered in to a joint venture to build a 4 star hotel and the impact of this strategy using an event study approach. This is expected to create economic value to the airport as it will attract long term tourism revenue for them. Moreover the airport due to its position attracts airline crews and transit passengers. The hotel will provide a meeting point and residence for them. As a result the market reaction to the joint venture has also been very positive. Therefore it proves that creating economic value helps in creating societal value too as Auckland Airport takes several CSR initiatives to build value for shareholders. This research paper is a good read as it harps on the importance of sustainability in the tourist industry which in turn will enhance the economy of New Zealand.

Orchiston, C., 2012. Seismic risk scenario planning and sustainable tourism management: Christchurch and the Alpine Fault zone, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism20(1), pp.59-79.

This research deals with the necessity of emergency planning for natural calamities to be incorporated in the strategies related to sustainability of the tourism industry. The example chosen has been the Southern Alps of the New Zealand using the seismic risk scenario planning. This area is well known for earthquake that is overdue since long. Nevertheless there is a growing tourism industry that has thrived in this area.  This research utilizes an isoseismal modeling method to depict the various vulnerabilities in the tourism industry and the consequences that can result from an earthquake likely in the region. A qualitative analysis has been done by interviewing several hazard management agencies on the need of risk management in tourism. The deduced results show that risk management is essential to tourism and helps init sustainability. This research is also very significant as it deals with another very critical factor of risk management in sustainability of the industry.

Reflection

The study on the above four journals very clearly elucidates that the tourism industry is a booming industry, though there are several challenges that are cropping up due to several climatic changes and other environmental factors. Therefore it is very essential for the tourism industry to find sustainable measures so that it can thrive and also create economic value for the nation. However the sustainability factor should not be at the cost of environmental and social factors. The main factors to be kept in mind is that the vale creating advantage should consider all three aspects of economy, environment and society and not economy only.