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Health Assignment

Introduction

Discussion on psychology is not at all new in the academic field. From the very long years, it remains at the centre of curiosity. It is basically a science that includes the relationship and narration of behaviour and mind. Psychology contains all the aspects of the unconscious as well as conscious minds. It is better to say that it is an amalgamation of an academic model as well as the social science.

Variables of the project

Three variables have been identified by the learner here while composing the assignment. These variables include age group, family functioning as well as the social scenario of the people. All these three variables have been aligned with the pre-flood and post-flood mental condition of the people.

Identifying the association the psychological score and the living alone factor. Determine the nature of the association.

            The pre and post-flood environment had the significant impact on the on the psychology and state of mind of the individual as they get affected by different social and personal issues that affect their life. Thus a survey has been conducted on the crisis and its impact to prepare the report after assessing the situation and its impact.

Flood has the negative impact on the lives of the people as their home gets destroyed in flood and also disconnects them with their own people. It has been seen that in an individual the pre-flood psychology generates a feeling of living alone in the individual that it does during the flood. It has been found that the fear feeling lowers the scores to a significant rate and thus both cases are connected and generate the psychology during the time of the flood (Bottesi, et al. 2015). The perception of flood generates a feeling of uncertainty and individuals fear that they might ........

It is better to say that it is an amalgamation of an academic model as well as the social science.

Variables of the project

Three variables have been identified by the learner here while composing the assignment. These variables include age group, family functioning as well as the social scenario of the people. All these three variables have been aligned with the pre-flood and post-flood mental condition of the people.

Identifying the association the psychological score and the living alone factor. Determine the nature of the association.

            The pre and post-flood environment had the significant impact on the on the psychology and state of mind of the individual as they get affected by different social and personal issues that affect their life. Thus a survey has been conducted on the crisis and its impact to prepare the report after assessing the situation and its impact.

Flood has the negative impact on the lives of the people as their home gets destroyed in flood and also disconnects them with their own people. It has been seen that in an individual the pre-flood psychology generates a feeling of living alone in the individual that it does during the flood. It has been found that the fear feeling lowers the scores to a significant rate and thus both cases are connected and generate the psychology during the time of the flood (Bottesi, et al. 2015). The perception of flood generates a feeling of uncertainty and individuals fear that they might lose all their belongings. From this perception, a feeling of living alone generates. This is known as operant conditioning where an individual reacts to another situation on the basis of an experience from another incident. Behavioural changes take place on the basis of good or bad experience. There are other factors such as recurrent consequences and reinforcement of incidents that might make the individual's change in its psychology in the pre-flood situation. Thus might also make the person feel alone. Thus it is the outcome of the psychological preparation of the individual during the negative environment through removing the aversive stimulus (Bottesi, et al. 2015). Thus it can be stated that there exists a connection between score of pre-flood psychology and the living alone factor that needs to be studied for determining the conditions for improving and regulating the psychological health of the individual during such negative time.

 Impact of the inclusion of places of residents as predictor changes in fitted model

For the analysis of changes in the psychology of the individuals in crisis situation of a flood, the fitted model would be used. The fitted model uses the MLR for reflecting on the difference in the psychological score between people living in the rural and urban area (Hammond et al. 2015). It has been found that those living in the urban areas do not really have to face emergency situations in flood time. Contrarily, the rural people have to face critical situations and thus their psychology is subject to more change during flood than those living in the urban area (Hammond et al. 2015). Thus in order to evaluate and observe the psychological score between the urban and rural people, it is required that the place of inclusion of the rural and urban people is assessed and observed. Apart from that observation of the environment would also enhance the ability to estimate the critical conditions in which the urban and rural people are residing and to what degree their normal living condition is affected (Everhart, Best & Flanigan,2015). However, since the rural people have direct experience of the flood, their fear and feeling of losing their belongings is highly effective and transparent, and thus it can be studied in a better manner. Thus in the case of the rural people, the pre-flood psychology can be assessed in a better manner as per the fitted model

Narrate the post-flood psychological score between men considering the flood in Australia in 2011. Identify the differences.

 

In order to determine the post-flood psychological score between men after the flood in Australia in 2011, the level of the severity of the flood needs to be assessed. It has been seen that that individual who did not face the impact of the flood directly had the high psychological score and their score remained above 70. Other variables considered in this context of study are the family function, age and social support received by the men. Moreover, to explain the above proposition further, it has been seen that when a person directly faces a crisis situation then the impact of the situation is felt not only by that individual but also by its immediate environment and this increases the impact of the situation and thus the lead to generation of lower levels of psychological score. The psychological score would also differ in the case of those individuals who had faced moderate level or sever level of flood during the 2011 flood in Australia. Those who had faced the moderate level of the flood were able to save themselves from the severity by arranging their own life-saving structure (Gain et al. 2017). In this situation, it should also be mentioned that the factors of family function, age and social support also helped them to escape the severity of the flood situation. However, such variables as they have been mentioned did not support those who were hit by the severity of the flood. Their movement from their place to a safer place was not supported by family function, age and social support. Thus these factors could not be regulated for getting the expected outcome in the place where the flood was severe. Furthermore, it has also been stated that when there is lack of required support and where there has been the great hardship, the psychological score has been lower (Gain et al. 2017). Thus on the basis of this observation and the difference between people who faced moderate or severe flood situation, the psychological score can be given as:

Table 1: psychological score of experienced & non-experienced individual during flood

 

Severe flood

Moderate flood

Psychological score

Less  flood experience

75

82

Greater experience of flood

15

24

 

Identify the changes in psychological scores between post-flood and pre-flood survey

 It has been seen that during the period of pre-flood, individuals have a tendency to gauge the upcoming situation on the basis of the previous experiences. They are either prepared to either survive or lose either through self help and preparation or through the aid of the immediate environment and the society. It can be supposed that an individual aged 30 or above, has a family function score of 25 and a score of 40 for the social support during the period of a pre-flood situation (Werg, Grothmann & Schmidt, 2013). This situation reflects moderate scores and also reflects fear and lower psychological score. This score also reflects that of the scores of that of a rural person that does not have availability of support from the society for survival and is unable to give protection to its family. If the social score is near to 50 or more then this availability of more support from the society that would be helpful for surviving during the flood. This score might be subject to change in the post-flood situation. This is because of the perception of the people changes with the change in the situation between pre and post-flood situation. It has been seen that the pre-flood psychology score is higher than the post-flood psychology scores. Moreover, the pre-flood psychological scores may or may not be perfect as they are based on assumptions and differs with the perception of the individual (Coêlho, Adair & Mocellin, 2017). On the other hand, post-flood psychological score more confirmed as they are generated from the immediate effect of the flood and results from the effect of the flood on life and living conditions of the individual. Pre-flood psychology reflects the fear and anxiety but does not help the individual to survive in the present situation. However, the post-flood psychological is based on what the individual does after facing the situation and how has that affected the life and adjustments of the individual thus such scores are more crucial than the pre-flood psychology (Coêlho, Adair & Mocellin, 2017).

Conclusion

 Thus from the observation, it can be concluded that the pre-flood psychology score is seen to be more fluctuating in comparison to the post flood psychological score. From the observation, it can also be said that different people observe a crisis situation differently and thus on the basis of their perception, the psychological scores also differ. Thus in the context of the healthcare assessment, it is important that all the variables are considered for assessing the psychological scores. Theoretical models also help in identification of impact of different stimuli on psychology.