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Leadership Development

Introduction

There are various accounts in history where a charismatic leader has guided an entire civilisation to its heights. Even today, leaders are equally instrumental in leading the enterprises to their peak of success.  Apple Corporation, Google, Virgin Group is big names who have reached their respective positions as a market leader with the help of an able and charismatic leader. These leaders have led the company from the front and also have set the vision which the enterprises share their marketing strategies. Whether it is the products of Apple or multi-business Virgin groups, their leaders have been the captains of the ship (Hackman & Johnson, 2013).

As time and civilisation have progressed, the leadership methods have also changed. Charismatic leaders have been replaced by transformative leaders fit for modern business models. Transactional leadership styles have replaced traits(Chen, 2012).Today leaders emphasise on collective success and team game rather than stepping up to each and every circumstance alone. In fact, the difference between the traditional models and the current models of leadership can be easily understood. If two examples are and their work patterns are judged, the difference will be easily understood. Steve Jobs, the ex-Apple CEO missioned the company to create a new line of buyers. On the other hand, a leader like Adolf Hitler tried to create a new Germany with him as the supreme leader(Tourish, 2014). Both are leaders, but Jobs created a team which would help to take the company further even in his absence. However,Hitler only kept himself as the centre of the propaganda (Baker, 2014).

1. Lead by using team building skills and facilitating collaborative behaviours in the accomplishment of group goals and objectives

The most basic function of the leaders is to lead a group of people or a team. Efficient leaders are known for achieving ........

positions as a market leader with the help of an able and charismatic leader. These leaders have led the company from the front and also have set the vision which the enterprises share their marketing strategies. Whether it is the products of Apple or multi-business Virgin groups, their leaders have been the captains of the ship (Hackman & Johnson, 2013).

As time and civilisation have progressed, the leadership methods have also changed. Charismatic leaders have been replaced by transformative leaders fit for modern business models. Transactional leadership styles have replaced traits(Chen, 2012).Today leaders emphasise on collective success and team game rather than stepping up to each and every circumstance alone. In fact, the difference between the traditional models and the current models of leadership can be easily understood. If two examples are and their work patterns are judged, the difference will be easily understood. Steve Jobs, the ex-Apple CEO missioned the company to create a new line of buyers. On the other hand, a leader like Adolf Hitler tried to create a new Germany with him as the supreme leader(Tourish, 2014). Both are leaders, but Jobs created a team which would help to take the company further even in his absence. However,Hitler only kept himself as the centre of the propaganda (Baker, 2014).

1. Lead by using team building skills and facilitating collaborative behaviours in the accomplishment of group goals and objectives

The most basic function of the leaders is to lead a group of people or a team. Efficient leaders are known for achieving goals and objectives with their designated team(Østergren & Stensaker, 2011). Modern leadership is all about the leader as well as the efficiency of the team.However, managing a team is easier said than done. Leader possesses a team building ability which helps to choose the best people for the purpose.In fact, the leader has to be having the ability to blend with the team(Nosich, 2012). When a leader becomes part of the team, it is easier to motivate the team and enhance the efficiency of the members. However, Alan Keith from Genetachhas a justified comment, which is “leadership is ultimately about creating away for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen”. Any successful entrepreneurial leader bears testimony to the mentioned comment. Besides, collaboration helps each member of the team contribute apart to the goals and objectives (Buvik & Rolfsen, 2015). Through collaborative approach goals and objectives become teamwork in which each of the members including the leader has the part to be played.Moreover, when the goal or objective is uncertain, it is the motivation of the leader which makes the team believes that it is achievable. Each member of the team, as well as the leader, remains committed to the cause(Murillo, 2012). Hence, it is the duty of the leader to hold the nucleus of the team together without being a dictator. Hence, team building and collaborative behaviour help a leader to meet the goals.

While assessing critically, leadership can be regarded as the quality required to lead towards success. Management can hire the workforce, but only an able and efficient leader can lead to desired goals and objectives. The workforce will look up to the leader for inspiration and motivation.In many cases, goals and objectives come with uncertainty(Ulmer, et al., 2013). For example, Steve Jobs dream of developing a separate line of buyers for their products. The goal seemed impossible where the market was crowded with consumer products.  Hence, in anuncertainsituation, a leader will be instrumental with his/her team building skills which will mobilise the workforce (Chen, 2012). Besides, the collaborative efforts will unify the team. Moreover, each member of the team will be committed towards the objectives and will have their inputs for the agenda. Collaborative behaviour not only helps the leader to develop the team but also appear as a part of the team. The leader remains the nucleus and binds the team from inside. Besides, collaboration helps to drop the dictatorial approach of leadership used in the past. Today team game is more important than a single charismatic person(Resnik, 2011).Modern leadership equally recognises the importance of the team as well as the leader in itself. Hence, a team-building skill and collaborative behaviour are a must have arequirement.

2. Understand the difference between managing and leading

The basic difference between leadership and management is that leaders are motivators and inspiration to the team. Management deals with organisation and coordination of the operations.Hence, the difference is in their operating method and focus areas(Hackman & Johnson, 2013).A leader is focused towards leading the workforce or the workforce. The size may vary from small team to large labour force. The leader controls and manages the people through his/her skills to coordinate the people towards desired goals and objectives.Management is the invisible string which keeps all the departments of any enterprise or organisation in coordination with each other (Murillo, 2012). Great leaders are not necessarily great managers. In fact, the goals and objectives which are set by the management is a way to focus the attention on specific agendas. A successful organisation has got a balance between the management and leadership. The balance is the key to the success of any organisation in the long run.Management keeps the monitoring on the overall proceedings of the entire organisation, whereas leadership is focused on specific people and their contributions to the agenda(Ulmer, et al., 2013). Besides, management stands for a broader outlook and overview which involves operating the foundation of the enterprise which includes both the human and non-human entities. A leader has many works towards his/her team(Walters & Sirotiak, 2011). A leader tends to inspire, guide, lead, take charges, distributes work, co-ordinates the team members and follow up with the management about the status of the work.

When critically assessed, management always represents the broader outlook of an organisation. It involves the workers, leaders, and even the production facilities which are non-human. Management tends to control and coordinate all the possible aspects of an organisation.Besides, good managers may not be good leaders but are good at managing(Murillo, 2012).The entire organisation would probably a mess without the managers. Leaders, on the other hand, are man-handlers (Tourish, 2014). Their work is to manage and motivate the human workforce who works to achieve the goals and objectives of the company. Leaders teach and inspire the team so that they might improve and work efficiently. The members look up to the leaders when they face the issues which hamper the progress. Man-management is the probable term which can be used to define a leader. It is possible to learn and share from the leaders as they are focused on the workforce and their abilities(Ulmer, et al., 2013). However, management is an entity which works with its accordance keeping the operations organised. Hence, the leaders are the usual people who interact with the organisation. Hence, a successful enterprise sits on the coordination between a good management and charismatic leader(Baker, 2014).  It is a good synchronisation which gives the organisation its desired success in the long run. Both are equally important as for the organisation is concerned. Both management and leadership make up the lack of each other.One cannot manage the entire operation and the other cannot management the workforce efficiently (Østergren & Stensaker, 2011).

3. Recognise and appropriately respond to ethical, legal and strategic concerns relating to human resource and organisational management

Human Resource Management is the process of managing organisational people in a structured and thorough manner. The human resourcemanagement sectioncovers the fields of staffing or hiring people, employee retention, performance management, change management and taking care of existing employees from the company to round off the activities. The Human Resources are the most important assets of an organisation. The success or failure of an organisation is largely dependent on the calibre of the working employees within the company (Resnik, 2011). Organisations cannot progress and prosper without positive and creative contributions from employees. There are many ethical issues which are relating to human resource management. These are the followings:

Employment issues

Many organisationsface employment issues which include pressure to recruit a friend or relative in the organisation. These can hamper organisational ethics.

Employee Discrimination and Harassment

It is seen in some organisations in which some employees face discrimination and harassment in the workplace. The discrimination and harassment are based on the race, gender, religion and nationality (Tourish, 2014).

Performance appraisal

Some time, many employees get abiased judgment of their performance.

Privacy

The human resource holds very sensitive information regarding employees, company,etc. the human resource personnel should keep this information privately. This policy is an ethical part of thehuman resource and organisational management. Sometimes it is heard that some information is leaked by some employees of the organisation.

Safety and Health Issues

Human resource personnel face employee safety and health issues within the workplace. The personnel should advise the employee regarding any dangerous situations. They must guide the employees about how to tackle the situation.

These ethical concerns are very common in every organisation. Every organisation needs to establish a “code of ethics” which set every organisation’s ethical issue’s expectation. The “code of ethics” can be very helpful to overcome ethical issues within the organisation.  

Legal concerns relating to human resource and organisational management

Every organisation is abided by some legal concerns. The ethical issues need to be resolved with the help of some organisational laws. There are some laws which prevent someone to act anything regarding employee discrimination. These laws are- Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993,  Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Polygraph Protection Act, the Civil Rights Act which prevents discrimination and harassment in the workplace, The Age Discrimination and Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA)  which protects older employees who are more than 40 years(Walters & Sirotiak, 2011). It also protects employees and job applicants. The law suggests that it is unlawful to discriminate someone against his age.  The organisation should use these laws when organisational ethics are violated (Walters & Sirotiak, 2011).

Strategic concerns relating to human resource and organisational management

The organisation should identify what strategies need to be adapted to achieve their organisational goals. Every organisation involves human resource management for strategic planning. A strategic planning method includes employees of an organisation to fulfil the goals. Every organisation should be very careful while employing human resource in strategic planning. They need to employ right people at the right time at theright condition (Bushe, 2011).

 

4. Communicate effectively and professionally in business situations through physical and virtual presence, writing, speaking, listening and electronic media

Communication is the key skill of any modern leader. A leader has to be an expert in communication which helps to connect with the team members whether in large or small number.To exercise the capacities like inspiration, motivation, team development, the leader has to have the right skill of communication. The communication decides whether the leader can clearly reach to the members in the desired manner. Communication includes in both physical and electronic form besides writing,speaking,etc. Besides, since the leader coordinates between the team and the management, he or she should master the art of communication (Kane, 2015). A leader might have to take therisk, negotiate, instigate, motivate at any point in time. The whole agenda may fail if the leader is unable to communicate. Sometimes good communication can negotiate tough situation which might save valuable situations. Last but not the least; a leader must be a good listener too.Thiscommunication skill gives the leader edge above the others. In fact, in team scenarios, the leader has to have the patience to listen in cases where the team members are presenting their views and ideas(Resnik, 2011). A good listener will always have a better evaluation of the situation which will be helpful in needing situations. In most cases, a good listener understands the situation and its demand in a better manner. Besides, the quality of listening makes the leader a team man who convinces the members that the leader to is part of the team in a better manner (Kaul, 2014).

In acritical assessment of communication, it is the quality which makes aleader a leader. Oration, speaking ability, motivating factors, inspiring people, making the people believe are all part of the leaders influencing abilities. All the mentioned skills are tied to the skill of communication. Hence, failure to achieve good communication ability makes the leader fail. Moreover, a team has to be guidedby words and other such influences both through physical appearance and if needed, electronic media. A leader with good communication is effective in both ways. The command over communication makes them equally effective through the electronic medium as aphysical presence (Ulmer, et al., 2013). In today’s world leader might have to lead a team overseas where the only means is the electronic medium.  To sum up, it can be said that communication skill is incomplete without theart of listening.  In fact, the communication model gives importance to receiving messages. Hence, the leaders also have to be good listeners too. Good listening ability makes them more aware, more idea of the situation and hence analytical skill can be used to fulfil the gaps (Tourish, 2014). Besides, if aleader wants to be the part of the team, he or she has to be a good listener. In that situation, the team will feel being guided rather than being hauled.  Hence, theleader will also be projected as a team member rather than a dictator (L?z?roiu, 2015).

 

Conclusion

As the models are reviewed in the body of the assignment, it can be understood that there ismuch leadership beyond the press stories on them. The very foundation of leadership is based on human stepping up to create success out of nothing. In most cases the success is to be created, there is no surety. Hence, the charismatic leader makes the people believe that it is achievable. That is what makes them fit as a ‘leader’. It is about achieving goals and objectives and developing a strong team to make the achievements smooth (Nosich, 2012).

In current business scenario today the leaders have to manage various aspects. Team building skills, collaborative behaviour are needed to reach the desired goals and objectives. Besides, the leader also is clear about leading and managing. As leaders have to deal with the human resources and organisational management, understanding legal, ethical and strategically concerns are also their responsibility. Lastly, an efficient leader today is a master of communication. Whether their presence is physical or virtual, the impact on the team remains more or less the same. They are expert writers, speakers, and last but not the least an efficient listener (Northouse, 2012). The leaders of today possess various capabilities and potentialities which help them to take their enterprises to the leading positions in the market. Besides, the man-management, organisational management are also part of their expertise. The leader is what links the management with the workforce and hence builds the bridge.Hence, leaders the more than press releases and news which are found every other day.

References

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