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SPSS Analysis | Quantitative Technique Assignment

Introduction

The purpose of the assignment is to develop analytical skills of the student using SPSS. For this, a data set has been evaluated containing factors as variables, which are based on real life scenarios of an individual. These factors are mapped to find relation of the aspects that develop criminal instincts within the psychology of the individual (Menard, 2018).

 

Hypothesis of the study

H0- lifestyle events and activities does not varies according to sex (boy and girl)

H1- lifestyle events and activities varies according to sex (boy and girl)

Multiple LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS

 

Variables Entered/Removeda

Model

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

Method

1

Parents decide when to be home at night, Family size, sexb

.

Enter

a. Dependent Variable: Parents interested in friends

nal instincts within the psychology of the individual (Menard, 2018).

 

Hypothesis of the study

H0- lifestyle events and activities does not varies according to sex (boy and girl)

H1- lifestyle events and activities varies according to sex (boy and girl)

Multiple LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS

 

Variables Entered/Removeda

Model

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

Method

1

Parents decide when to be home at night, Family size, sexb

.

Enter

a. Dependent Variable: Parents interested in friends

b. All requested variables entered.

 

Model Summary

Model

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

Std. Error of the Estimate

1

.366a

.134

.131

1.159

a. Predictors: (Constant), Parents decide when to be home at night, Family size, sex

 

 

ANOVAa

Model

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

1

Regression

173.194

3

57.731

43.008

.000b

Residual

1116.816

832

1.342

 

 

Total

1290.010

835

 

 

 

a. Dependent Variable: Parents interested in friends

 

This is a regression analyses which focuses on the dependable and the independent variable in a particular study. The study here is regarding the variables and their identification with regard to the criminology over a period of time. The aspect is regarding the dependant variable which means the factors that are directly dependant on a particular scenario. It tries to figure out the aspects with regard to the criminology. In this scenario parents decide when to be at night, parents interested in friends, sex and family size does play a significant role in developing the nature of criminology which develops over a point of time. All the factors that have sighted are directly dependant on upbringing a child in the forefront. Here the gender factor also is directly associated in the agenda. Male would take it as living in a state of disobedience and escalating in the zone where he tries to live a carefree life. This generates the criminology factor incredibly. On the other hand, a female would be in a state of absolute liberty and would just utilise the moment in a state of absolute wild aspect. These are directly related to the dependant variable. The scenario is directly dependant and the factor as provided therein namely parents interested in friends is directly associated in the criminology aspect.  The connection in this scenario can be ascertained and can say as a conviction as it has been generated in the ratio provided that any dependant variable higher that the numerical 0.92 to 0.95 is directly a significant factor in the respective field. On the other hand, vice versa would provide that the dependant variable is not directly associated in the respective field. In case of criminology the near associates namely the dependable variables do play a significant role in determining the criminology factor simultaneously. It is the identification medium to ascertain the range of nature one formulates during the criminology field. The dependant variables do play a prominent role in the building and escalating in the mode of criminology (Park, 2015). The concept of criminology is directly related to the day to day activities specially the ones where the independency is the height of the activity which means that the individual be it male or female does it in a absolute independent manner. This nature can be ascertained from the family background and the kind of life style they prefer. In this type of situations, the criminal factor does generate time and again and the nature seems to be in an angry mood and seems to be irritated from the nature of the activities ascertained in the significant manner.

 

b. Predictors: (Constant), Parents decide when to be home at night, Family size, sex

 

 

Coefficientsa

Model

Unstandardized Coefficients

Standardized Coefficients

t

Sig.

B

Std. Error

Beta

1

(Constant)

.615

.205

 

3.000

.003

sex

.453

.081

.182

5.605

.000

Family size

.055

.033

.054

1.680

.093

Parents decide when to be home at night

.329

.037

.290

8.908

.000

a. Dependent Variable: Parents interested in friends

 

Variables Entered/Removeda

Model

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

Method

1

Shoplifting - risk get caught, Family size, Ask parents about permission when friends homeb

.

Enter

a. Dependent Variable: If you get caught steal something from a car - something will happen

b. All requested variables entered.

 

 

Model Summary

Model

R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

Std. Error of the Estimate

1

.218a

.048

.044

.694

a. Predictors: (Constant), Shoplifting - risk get caught, Family size, Ask parents about permission when friends home

This scenario is directly related to the shop lifting which is a dependant variable. Here the factors that are inversely related are family size, asking parents about the permission from the parents about when friends should come home. It is the arrogant nature which can build in either of the gender dues to the habituated nature that they are accustomed during the course of the activity. It is the nature which builds due to the upbringing of the children during the point of time. It is directly related to the ratio with regard to the nature one generates during their childhood (Hayes

and Preacher, 2014).

 

 

 

 

 

ANOVAa

Model

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

1

Regression

19.721

3

6.574

13.659

.000b

Residual

394.176

819

.481

 

 

Total

413.898

822

 

 

 

a. Dependent Variable: If you get caught steal something from a car - something will happen

b. Predictors: (Constant), Shoplifting - risk get caught, Family size, Ask parents about permission when friends home

 

 

Coefficientsa

Model

Unstandardized Coefficients

Standardized Coefficients

t

Sig.

B

Std. Error

Beta

1

(Constant)

2.609

.145

 

17.932

.000

Family size

.044

.020

.075

2.188

.029

Ask parents about permission when friends home

-.004

.018

-.007

-.191

.848

Shoplifting - risk get caught

.182

.032

.199

5.765

.000

a. Dependent Variable: If you get caught steal something from a car - something will happen

 

Multiple BINARY LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS

 

Case Processing Summary

Unweighted Casesa

N

Percent

Selected Cases

Included in Analysis

825

97.5

Missing Cases

21

2.5

Total

846

100.0

Unselected Cases

0

.0

Total

846

100.0

a. If weight is in effect, see classification table for the total number of cases.

 

Categorical dependent variable is included with discriminate function analysis and that makes it employed. Hence, maximum number of the predictors is continuous and the distribution is done on a nice basis. Analytical logit is employed when all the variables are categorical. So, for SPSS calculations binary logistics are used for making the counting and quality according to the perfected data sets. Since, these is a fact that logistic regression is chosen only when the predictor variables are mixed and are of different categories, binary regression model is mostly helpful in that case. 

Here the independent variables are replaced by fr values. According to the above picture when the values were put in the logistic regression counting panel, it became evident

that fr20 is the option for asking parents when going out.

On the other hand,

fr26 suggests that the person could have stopped school if it was possible and

fr29 represents often making the homework.

But at last the regression panel shows fr41 that represents talking to the parents when in problem. Also, this is the categorized variable.

 

The total number of 97.5% respondents are selected in the analysis process and the analysis report is explained in the table of categorical variables coding.

 

Dependent Variable Encoding

 

Original Value

Internal Value

 

Girl

0

 

Boy

1

 

 

Categorical Variables Codings

 

Frequency

Parameter coding

(1)

(2)

Talk with parents about problems (feel sad)

always

247

1.000

.000

sometime

389

.000

1.000

never

189

.000

.000

             

 

This table shows that boys are represented with 2 and girls are represented by 1. So in that case, the table explains that often when girls are depressed or feeling sad they go to their parents and talk about that. On the other hand, when the boys are depressed or feel sad they do not go to their parents and talk about their matters. According to the frequency the table shows that the 1.000, which is 100% of the girls responded go to their parents when they feel sad about something. In addition, talking to their parents make them feel relaxed and comfortable. But for boys they have no intention of sharing their feelings to their parents anytime. This makes clear that criminal activities are mostly vary on person and gender.

 

 

Classification Tablea,b

 

Observed

Predicted

 

sex

Percentage Correct

 

Girl

Boy

Step 0

sex

Girl

0

400

.0

Boy

0

425

100.0

Overall Percentage

 

 

51.5

a. Constant is included in the model.

b. The cut value is .500

 

Categorical Variables Codings

 

Frequency

Parameter coding

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Need to ask parents about permission when go out

yes, always

183

1.000

.000

.000

.000

often

178

.000

1.000

.000

.000

sometime

159

.000

.000

1.000

.000

yes, only occasionally

169

.000

.000

.000

1.000

no, never

136

.000

.000

.000

.000

 

Classification Tablea,b

 

Observed

Predicted

 

sex

Percentage Correct

 

Girl

Boy

Step 0

sex

Girl

0

400

.0

Boy

0

425

100.0

Overall Percentage

 

 

51.5

a. Constant is included in the model.

b. The cut value is .500

 

Variables in the Equation

 

B

S.E.

Wald

df

Sig.

Exp(B)

Step 0

Constant

.061

.070

.757

1

.384

1.062

               

 

 

Variables not in the Equation

 

Score

df

Sig.

Step 0

Variables

fr20

34.514

4

.000

fr20(1)

15.227

1

.000

fr20(2)

3.282

1

.070

fr20(3)

.477

1

.490

fr20(4)

8.549

1

.003

fr26

2.365

1

.124

fr29

11.057

1

.001

fr41

22.146

1

.000

Overall Statistics

47.878

7

.000

 

Varables not in the Equation

 

Score

df

Sig.

Step 0

Variables

fr20

34.514

4

.000

fr20(1)

15.227

1

.000

fr20(2)

3.282

1

.070

fr20(3)

.477

1

.490

fr20(4)

8.549

1

.003

fr26

2.365

1

.124

fr29

11.057

1

.001

fr41

22.146

1

.000

Overall Statistics

47.878

7

.000

 

It is observed that the respondents who ask their parents before going out are less prone towards developing criminal tendencies. Furthermore, the boys who stopped going to school if it was possible have developed more criminal tendencies.

Classification Tablea

 

Observed

Predicted

 

sex

Percentage Correct

 

Girl

Boy

Step 1

sex

Girl

228

172

57.0

Boy

161

264

62.1

Overall Percentage

 

 

59.6

a. The cut value is .500

 

Variables in the Equation

 

B

S.E.

Wald

df

Sig.

Exp(B)

95% C.I.for EXP(B)

Lower

Upper

Step 1a

fr20

 

 

20.277

4

.000

 

 

 

fr20(1)

-.908

.250

13.219

1

.000

.403

.247

.658

fr20(2)

-.700

.243

8.281

1

.004

.497

.308

.800

fr20(3)

-.617

.247

6.232

1

.013

.540

.333

.876

fr20(4)

-.138

.245

.316

1

.574

.871

.539

1.409

fr26

.013

.136

.010

1

.921

1.014

.776

1.323

fr29

.186

.133

1.948

1

.163

1.204

.928

1.563

fr41

.333

.104

10.201

1

.001

1.396

1.137

1.712

Constant

-.418

.568

.541

1

.462

.658

 

 

a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: fr20, fr26, fr29, fr41.

 

Conclusion

This can be concluded that the sexual aspects play a determining role in the intervention of the parental activities on the lifestyle of the individual, as well as the developing criminal instincts of a particular individual.