Hurry Up! Get 15% Please upload the order before 30th April, 2019. T&C applied Order now !
review
Back to Samples

Essay on Terrorism

Introduction

Hezbollah (translated as the Party of Allah), based in Lebanon is a Shi’a Islamist group. The group is divided into two factions, namely the Jihad Council (looking after its paramilitary functions) and the Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc (looking after the group’s political aspirations). Carrying out a research based upon this group is important as they hold Islamic nationalism, Anti-Zionism and Anti-Western imperialism as their major ideologies. This has led them onto a major crash course with various Western organizations.

This group carries out their activities across several areas of strategic importance, thus increasing the political and security concerns around them. The United States, Israel and Canada have recognized this organisation for the terror threats that it poses. Hezbollah is a potent threat as a terror organisation as they hold such a significant position as a political party in Lebanon. By holding 12 seats in the parliament, this group can be found to have a very significant impact upon security issues in the world.

This assignment will explore the history, formation and significance of Hezbollah by using key literature spanning over various topics that pertain to the importance of this group. The secondary nature of this research would ensure greater academic integrity.

 

 

   ........

ry functions) and the Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc (looking after the group’s political aspirations). Carrying out a research based upon this group is important as they hold Islamic nationalism, Anti-Zionism and Anti-Western imperialism as their major ideologies. This has led them onto a major crash course with various Western organizations.

This group carries out their activities across several areas of strategic importance, thus increasing the political and security concerns around them. The United States, Israel and Canada have recognized this organisation for the terror threats that it poses. Hezbollah is a potent threat as a terror organisation as they hold such a significant position as a political party in Lebanon. By holding 12 seats in the parliament, this group can be found to have a very significant impact upon security issues in the world.

This assignment will explore the history, formation and significance of Hezbollah by using key literature spanning over various topics that pertain to the importance of this group. The secondary nature of this research would ensure greater academic integrity.

 

 

   

 

 

Overview of the General topic

Jenkins (2015) defines terrorism as a strategy that groups across the world use to achieve specific ends. The tactics that are defined in terrorism are oft used in power struggles in political and religious matters.  Terror groups usually use violence to evoke fear amongst targeted populations and hope that this is able to prompt responses from other states.

Martin (2017) backs this view up by providing a comment on the cyclical nature of work done by terror groups, as they hope for responses, which they in return respond to. The author feels that by creating a constant flux of violence, citizens of the targeted state will be affected by low morale and subsequent state breakdown.

Terror groups justify their acts of violence by inspiring warfare against different races, or struggles between the rich and poor.  Terror groups also have ethnic motivations, as proven by Choi & Piazza (2016). These authors talk about the domestic nature of terror groups in relation to countries such as Northern Ireland and Egypt where the main motivation is drive a wedge in a peaceful society by employing tactics of intimidation.

Contradictory to popular view, terror groups and their activities around the world are falling, but the intense media coverage gained by groups such as Al Shabbab, Al Qaeda and Hezbollah has highlighted how countries such as Nigeria, Afghanistan, Israel and Palestine have been affected by these actions.

The significance of terror attacks in the Western World, such as the United States and the United Kingdom has not posed any risk to the lives of citizens. Hamm & Spaaij (2015) compares the one-off events that are carried out on western soil as “lone wolf” attacks. While Hezbollah’s attacks in the United States have not been of major importance in past years, the increasing political tensions between the Americans and the Arab world pose contemporary challenges to the lives of the people.

 

 

Overview of the Specific topic

Hezbollah was formed after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. Conceptualised by Muslim clerics, the organisation received major state-aid from Iran (Herb, 2016). The group initially operated to harass Israeli occupants of the West Bank. The members of this group received extensive training and played a key role in the Lebanese Civil War in 1990.

After the 1990’s the group also began gaining prominence in the political circles of Lebanon as their resistance ideologies against Israel began gaining more prominence around the world. Norton (2014) talks of the ideology of the group as an increasing resistance to American and Israeli imperialism. By following a radical Shi’i philosophy most of the members of this group were followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khoemeni, whose struggles against Western Imperialism has been well documented.

Terrorism in Lebanon has presented security issues in the country for several years. Starting with the wars in the 1980’s there has been a violence struggles against Israel for several years. The Shia-Sunni conflicts in the country have also presented the terms of warfare that groups such as Hezbollah have taken up at times. The history of conflict in countries like Lebanon and the vacuum of power left in the region, meant that such terror groups were able to form and create international links with other controversial organisations such as the al-Aqsa Foundation.

As terror groups evolved within this conflict, their methods changed as well. The group have links, deep within neighbour countries, and have been known to use the process of radicalisation and mobilisation for recruitment.

As the group have expanded beyond aggression against America and Israel, their activities in Syria have increased (Sullivan, 2014). The modus operandi used by the organisation is the recruiting of locals, mobilised fundraising and subtle infiltration. The organisation especially feel that the method of subtle infiltration have helped their operatives increase their reach across the globe. This includes activities such as smuggling, scams and sham marriages.  The sophistication used by this organisation has set them apart from other similar organisations.

 

  

 

 

 

 

Analysis

In June of 2017, a man Ali Kourani was arrested in New York. He later claimed it be to linked to Hezbollah (nationalinterest.org, 2018). There has also been an increasing Hezbollah threat in countries such as Paraguay, where narcotics’ trafficking is on the rise. As many of these activities can be linked back to Hezbollah, it is apparent that the organisations are flexing their global financial muscle.

Hezbollah’s secretive actions around the world highlight how terrorist organisations are developing their actions and modus operandi. Most of these groups have begun operating as state actors and they rely on the building up of global funds to improve the success of their operations.

Syria is the ground of conflict for organisations such as Hezbollah as they are able to carry out various kinds of activities in relation to activities such as smuggling, human and weapon trafficking. Moneymaking represents the most important motivations for leaders, while they use of psychological tactics to recruit younger, male foot soldiers. By organising their activities in the ways of organisations such as banks and other spy agencies, Hezbollah has been able to infiltrate countries in the most effective manner and this is the most potent threat that they pose to US soils. It is unlikely that organisations such as Hezbollah will directly take part in direct attacks in the United States, yet the overall ideologies and the processes Hezbollah take part in, may motivate several lone wolf attacks against the American people (brookings.edu, 2018).

Hezbollah has truly become more than just a terrorist organisation, which means that it can provide the most dangerous threat to the US government. The organisation’s influence over the people has significantly increased as they provide important services such as health care and education. This helps them to control and tighten their grasp, which can be translated in terms of greater radicalisation and more conflict in Syria. By increasing the amount of conflict around the world, terrorist groups like Hezbollah also hope to drain away one of the most significant resources that the West, and America especially own, which is finances. By draining such key resources, terrorist organisations exercise their philosophy of decreasing the morale of the enemy. This age-old tactic has been used by the like of Al Qaeda, the Daesh and Hezbollah to ensure an ideological victory.

Edwards (2014) talks of the prevalence of an ideological warfare, which is used by terrorist organisations to ensure that they gain an upper hand on any peacemaking procedure that American or Western agents are trying to broker. Hezbollah for example, work to gain the favour of the people so that they can similarly be mobilised against America and Israel in the time of need.

Rynhold (2015) also critically points out the ways in which American strategic interests (steeped in the economic interest for oil) has led to several issues that has facilitated in the creation of hate and terror groups. The eventual fallout has not been easy to contain, and by pouring such a lot of resources into this cause, factions such as Hezbollah may actually be gaining an upper hand on the West.

 

 

 

 

 

Summary and Conclusion

By exploring the motivations driving the actions of groups such as Hezbollah, it has been discovered that terrorism and terror groups have moved beyond the us against the world idea. Motivated by money and absolute, groups such as Hezbollah pose severe threats to peace in various countries as they hold such great influence amongst people who may be driven to attack the Western in a relentless fashion.

By exploring the structure of organisations such as Hezbollah, it is obvious that these factions have a compounded manner of acting against American interests, whether this is lone wolf attacks, resource draining or a continuous cycle of small-scale war.

Providing any kind recommendations to the American cause becomes pointless due to effective mobilisation of radicalised factions by Hezbollah. It is therefore essential that Western actors look to improve living conditions and other social factors in such areas to cut off the most vital resource for terror organisations that is people.