Essay on Healthcare Australia


Better framework support better management of health issues. Health performance framework in Australia provides a conceptual framework to professionals to understand and evaluate the people health.  The healthcare system has three domains that help in identifying health status, determinants of health and system performance. In this essay, we are going to discuss about the framework of the health system and its impact on the Australian society, in order to better elucidate the concept we will discuss the framework in consideration Asthma disorder which is chronic condition and account for 34% of health burden in Australia. In end, a conclusion relevant to it will be given.




Australian health performance framework is system to report the welling of the Australian society.  The system is dived into three domains such as determinants of health, health system and health status that help as indicators within the framework to better analysed the population, for example, in terms of groups (including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) and provide information that can help in better understanding, evaluation and management of the healthcare system (Cummins, Coddington, Fox & Sympn, 2020).

Framework of the system

The health framework support serves as support for planning, assessment, and benchmarking in health sector (Delaney, 2018), the system is assessed on basis of three domains that we will discuss in comparison with Asthma disorder as it is health burden that is effecting the society.


Determinants of health

  1. Health Behaviour-it is been identified that individuals health is influenced by their behaviour and thinking, for instance, lifestyle choices. It is been recognised that changing the behaviour can help individual to adopt better lifestyle that can help in improving health (Thomas, Gilbert, & Thompson, 2017). For example, individual consuming tobacco, high alcohol consumption, obesity, unhealthy food eating habits, physical inactivity, etc. can be an indicator too many health problems thus changing these habits can support better wellbeing.


  1. Personal biomedical factors: person medical history also help as indicator to identify person health status such as high blood pressure, obesity, it  is been identify in Australia person aged 18 are who are overweight is about 55% (Vidgen et al, 2018).  Health professionals identify this through trends, population group, by age, etc.


  1. Socioeconomic factors- people income, employment, education, etc. can influence person health. People with no employment can suffer depression, sadness, etc. that can lead person to consume unhealthy substances such as tobacco, and alcohol that influence the person health in adverse way



Health system

  1. Accessibility: health care system termed accessible and effective when it is easily available at right time and place. Considering the population needs and affordability.


  1. Continuity of care: the process of providing continuous quality car without any ambiguity.


  1. Effective: it is important for health care professional to work in obligation to organization policy and procedure to meet the desired outcomes as patient needs to ensure effective care.


  1. Efficiency: the health care system considered efficient when right care is delivered at minimal cost.


  1. Safety: it is vital to ensure safety of both staff and patient working in adherence to federal policy and procedure.


Health condition

Health condition: it is vital to identify patient medical history and take decision that is in best interest of the patient and monitor the patient to ensure patient wellbeing.


Asthma is a chronic condition, people suffering from asthma suffers from shortness of breath, wheezing due to narrowed airways. In assessment under health system framework domains, it is identified that behavioural factors such as unhealthy lifestyle such as tobacco consumption, unhealthy eating’s,etc. can trigger the condition (McDonald et al., 2017), however environmental pollution, dust, etc. and biomedical causes such as respiratory infections, allergies, also causes asthma.


How it is impacting Australian society

In Australia, Asthma is affecting people of all ages, the disorder accounted for 30% of total burden of disease. In 2015-2016 the disease caused over $700 million to Australian health system. As mentioned earlier there are many underlying causes of Asthma such as behaviour, genetic and environmental factors (Maltby et al., 2020).  It is vital for health care services to identify the cause of the Asthma in patients for better management of the disease. Considering the fact that education, lifestyle, factor influence health its vital for health care system to inform/aware people about the condition for better management for the disease, especially in Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander community.  In 2018, The National Asthma Strategy was launched to inform all the health care resource for better management and awareness of the disease, this strategy comprise the interventions to reduce the Asthma in community (Sly & Holt, 2018).  Australia Institute of health and welfare had responsibility to monitor the campaign/strategy and report the outcomes.  It was identified that approximately 11% of the total population is suffering from the asthma, the children aged 6-14 have asthma(Knibbs, Woldeyohannes, Marks, & Cowie, 2018), and in adults between 25-44 years asthma was more common among women. Though, there could be many reason for developing this disease such as hormonal changes, environmental factors, etc. thus, considering the seriousness of the diseases affecting community we can say that more effective campaign are needed to aware people to adopt healthy lifestyle, include physical activity, etc. also it is vital for healthcare system to work more efficiently according to their health domains which involves proving quality care at right time and place at minimal cost, to reach wider audience to improve health care specially in indigenous community.


As the health framework support serves as support for planning, assessment, and benchmarking in health sector. Asthma is a chronic condition that is triggered by many factors such as genetic, behavioural, and environmental, therefore it is vital for health system to reach wider healthcare services to inform audience to identify, and manage these triggers to reduce the disease in society. This outcome can be attained through effective campaign to aware people to adopt healthy lifestyle, include physical activity, etc. also it is vital for healthcare system to work more efficiently according to their health domains which involves proving quality care at right time and place at minimal cost, to reach wider audience to improve health care especially in indigenous community to support better wellbeing and lift the health burden from the society.



Cummins, A., Coddington, R., Fox, D., & Symon, A. (2020). Exploring the qualities of midwifery-led continuity of care in Australia (MiLCCA) using the quality maternal and newborn care framework. Women and Birth, 33(2), 125-134.

Delaney, L. J. (2018). Patient-centred care as an approach to improving health care in Australia. Collegian, 25(1),119-123.

Knibbs, L. D., Woldeyohannes, S., Marks, G. B., & Cowie, C. T. (2018). Damp housing, gas stoves, and the burden of childhood asthma in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 208(7), 299-302.

Maltby, S., McDonald, V. M., Upham, J. W., Bowler, S. D., Chung, L. P., Denton, E. J., ... & James, A. L. (2020). Severe Asthma Assessment, Management and the Organisation of Care in Australia and New Zealand: Expert Forum Roundtable Meetings. Internal Medicine Journal.

McDonald, V. M., Maltby, S., Reddel, H. K., King, G. G., Wark, P. A., Smith, L., & Gibson, P. G. (2017). Severe asthma: current management, targeted therapies and future directions—a roundtable report. Respirology, 22(1), 53-60.

Sly, P. D., & Holt, P. G. (2018). Pollution, climate change, and childhood asthma in Australia.

Thomas, J. S., Gilbert, T. R., & Thompson, C. H. (2017). Preparing the future workforce for healthcare in Australia. Future hospital journal, 4(1), 67.

Vidgen, H. A., Love, P. V., Wutzke, S. E., Daniels, L. A., Rissel, C. E., Innes-Hughes, C., & Baur, L. A. (2018). A description of health care system factors in the implementation of universal weight management services for children with overweight or obesity: case studies from Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Implementation Science, 13(1), 109.

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