Youth, children and family welfare systems


The following paper is assignment writing on ‘youth, children and family welfare system’analyzed through literature and concluded through such analysis so as to produce a detailed report thereafter. A firm and reliable welfare system is the basic premise of an effective government which intent to work towards providing equal and indispensable services to the country’s citizens. The political system is held responsible for ensuring that the people are entitled to basic rights and the needful required for sustaining life is delivered, that is providing the minimum standard of living. The form of welfare system that a government adopts is entirely based on the need of individuals and families within the demarcated boundary of governance.

Insight into australia’s welfare system through youth, children and families

All throughout history welfare systems directed exclusively towards the betterment of human conditions have been given the utmost importance. Welfare system is the one which the governing body of a state or a particular geographic location, establishes a series of services under the system, aimed at providing absolute support and security to its residents (Gillingham, 2018). Residents primarily involve the children, youth and families. Most developed and developing countries have welfare systems and services categorized under the system for individual and social welfare of all. The programs undertaken for providing welfare depends on the governing body and the requirements of the people.The principles of a welfare system are based on the factors equitable distribution of facilities and services, along with equal distribution of opportunities and wealth (Losoncz, 2016). The most note-worthy element of a successful welfare system is the contribution of the services exclusively for people unable to avail for themselves. The benefits of a modified welfare system and favorable comparison with other welfare systems have been enjoyed by most Australians since the past few years. The countable factors which define a welfare system are basically the quality and quantity of nutrition available, overall living and working conditions and generic life expectancy rate. In recent timeline, improvements in welfare services have led to a higher rate of life expectancy in Australia. The federal government analyses and frames national welfare policies and are also managed by the states and territories. In every welfare system the national government influences majority of the financial arrangements with the state and territory being in action. The Australian welfare system evolved because of genuine concern for the general public. The primary services which must be included in a successfully operative welfare system are to provide employment benefits and considerable amount of base payment. While some system work towards up lifting of living and working standards, there exist other system too which include healthcare benefits and educational benefits as well (Krakouer, Wise & Connolly, 2018). Social security, mandatory insurance programs undertaken by the federal governing body and providing welfare payments are the highlights of a welfare system. The groundwork for a welfare system began since the occurrence of the Great Depression at the huge cost of the condition of poor and working class.

Purpose of a youth, children and family-based welfare system

There exists a significant need for government and societies within the governance to understand the importance of creating a rigid model of care for youth, children and families. The National Framework highlights a pioneering and progressing approach to the well-being of the children. In light of the increasing number of offences against children, the Australian government has come up with services aimed at protecting its children by at large. The state and territory government and the non-government sector as well, through the National Coalition of Child Safety and Well-being have been working hand in hand to produce a comprehensive solution for the protection of Australia’s children (Grady et al. 2018). The Fourth Action Plan of 2018-2020 was undertaken to exclusively provide protection and welfare benefits to the children belonging from remote communities. The aim was to keep the aboriginal children connected to their roots, their families, culture and childhood.

Besides a child welfare system, youth welfare must also be given equal attention since adolescent is the crucial growth period which requires maximum benefits for maximum development. A youth focused system is basically proactive, adrenalin-driven and developmentally framed system. The government included three major strategies aimed towards the Australian Youth: early intervention in the formative years, helping the youth in out-of-home care to fend for their own in adulthood and particularly protecting the children and youth from Indigenous communities (Love, Walsh & Campbell, 2020). 

The department involved in providing welfare services to families in Australia, have issued family support services with benefits and payment. Governmental organizations and well as the non-governmental ones aim at providing maximum support through grants and funding (Love, Walsh & Campbell, 2020). New parents and young parents with low income rate and health issues, unable to provide for their child or children are eligible to benefit from the welfare system. There currently exists 139 welfare services provided for the maximum welfare of the families with children and youth unable to avail for themselves and new services, around 70 of them have been introduced since 2018.

How can an effective welfare system be ensured to all?

Many cultures across countries which have adopted a welfare system has aimed towards working for the betterment of community as a whole but also has garnered special attention towards children and youth in general and asking welfare services for needy families, a mandatory provision for sustaining life. Welfare of all has been established as a responsibility of the society in general, moving beyond the parameters of parental rights and other responsibilities (Althaus & McGregor, 2019). Tracking individual and household determinants are the basic of a welfare system’s progress indicator. The measure of inequality is increasing, which can potentially damage social and economic well-being. Poverty reduction and supply of economic benefits should be the primary concern of the governing body involved in providing welfare services to the underprivileged.

The government should encourage children to understand the importance of healthy lifestyle and living along with education that is the foremost requirement of a child under growth process (Lai, Taylor, Haigh & Thompson, 2018). The government should also encourage young minds or youth’s current independence and future self-sufficiency by helping then explore all the educational and workplace opportunities. Physical, financial, social and emotional developments are the basic paradigms on which welfare for the families are based on. Services should be developed and delivered in such a way that it does not fail to understand the fact that beyond all the services provided; it is the decision of the individual’s receiving such services, to perceive the levels of service provisions.


The reforms done by the Australian government on the welfare system mainly focuses on simple and sustainable economic support system, growing and strengthening individual and family capability, engaging children, youth, families and individuals to build a healthy community. According to the Australian government’s report on the welfare system, the renewed purpose is to make the system fairer and more effective for the maximum satisfaction of the children, youth and families.  Providing incentives for working class who are underpaid or not to the level of fair payment, appropriate support for people who aren’t able to work like the general working mass, promote social and economic participation through measures that enable individual and family development, providing both natural and economic sustainability to individuals and families with lower income rate for current and future establishments as well and easy accessibility to understand and deliver efficient welfare system and policies.

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Althaus, C., & McGregor, C. (2019). Ensuring a world-class Australian Public Service: delivering local solutions.

Gillingham, P. (2018). Evaluation of practice frameworks for social work with children and families: exploring the challenges. Journal of Public Child Welfare12(2), 190-203.

Grady, A., Seward, K., Finch, M., Fielding, A., Stacey, F., Jones, J., ... & Yoong, S. L. (2018). Barriers and enablers to implementation of dietary guidelines in early childhood education centers in Australia: application of the Theoretical Domains Framework. Journal of nutrition education and behavior50(3), 229-237.

Krakouer, J., Wise, S., & Connolly, M. (2018). “We live and breathe through culture”: Conceptualising cultural connection for Indigenous Australian children in out-of-home care. Australian Social Work71(3), 265-276.

Lai, G. C., Taylor, E. V., Haigh, M. M., & Thompson, S. C. (2018). Factors affecting the retention of indigenous Australians in the health workforce: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health15(5), 914.

Losoncz, I. (2016). Building safety around children in families from refugee backgrounds. Child abuse & neglect51, 416-426.

Love, P., Walsh, M., & Campbell, K. J. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Australian Trainee Childcare Educators Regarding Their Role in the Feeding Behaviours of Young Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health17(10), 3712.

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