Hurry Up! Get 15% Please upload the order before 30th April, 2019. T&C applied Order now !
review
Back to Samples

Public Health On Leadership

Introduction

Leadership and management are used interchangeably in a particular business yet some of the scholars have debated the difference among the two. It is considered that each role for leadership and management has its own responsibilities where leaders and managers work together. Further, it is crucial to articulate the responsibility in power of leadership being an effective leader. In this assessment, the role would be to contrast the leader with that of a manager, and differ it with the Public Health Industry from other industry. However, the paper also describes two leaders that are being interviewed from Public Health Industry by explaining their roles, and applying this to the response made from Leadership theories. Rather, the self-assessment guide for leadership is applied with the results of Leadership Skills Inventory in Northouse and with Rowitz’s Public Health Principles.

Part 1: Leaders vs. Managers

According to Brownson et al. (2017), the main difference between managers and leaders is that leaders have people to follow whereas managers have people to work for them. Besides, a business owner needs to be a strong manager and leader to get team on board and follow them towards the vision of success. As argued by Czabanowska et al. (2013), while managers lays down the structure and delegate responsibility, the leaders provides direction by developing organisational vision and communicating it with employees. In case, if managers follow organisational policies, the leaders also follow own instinct. Thus, it is considered that if management is reactive, then leadership is certainly proactive (Apha.org. 2009). However, the leaders take deliberate risks whereas managers control the risk. Hence, they seek to control or avoid the problems rather embracing them.

In Public Health Industry, managers and leaders are multifaceted. According to Day et ........

ucial to articulate the responsibility in power of leadership being an effective leader. In this assessment, the role would be to contrast the leader with that of a manager, and differ it with the Public Health Industry from other industry. However, the paper also describes two leaders that are being interviewed from Public Health Industry by explaining their roles, and applying this to the response made from Leadership theories. Rather, the self-assessment guide for leadership is applied with the results of Leadership Skills Inventory in Northouse and with Rowitz’s Public Health Principles.

Part 1: Leaders vs. Managers

According to Brownson et al. (2017), the main difference between managers and leaders is that leaders have people to follow whereas managers have people to work for them. Besides, a business owner needs to be a strong manager and leader to get team on board and follow them towards the vision of success. As argued by Czabanowska et al. (2013), while managers lays down the structure and delegate responsibility, the leaders provides direction by developing organisational vision and communicating it with employees. In case, if managers follow organisational policies, the leaders also follow own instinct. Thus, it is considered that if management is reactive, then leadership is certainly proactive (Apha.org. 2009). However, the leaders take deliberate risks whereas managers control the risk. Hence, they seek to control or avoid the problems rather embracing them.

In Public Health Industry, managers and leaders are multifaceted. According to Day et al. (2014), leadership builds the systems that managers changes and manages them to take benefit of the opportunities for avoiding risks. Besides, the key function for leaders in health industry is to direct that include with creating a strategy and vision, aligning people, motivating action and building systems that the managers can transform for the growth measure. Further, as argued by Green, Miller & Aarons (2013), leaders try to set the organisation’s priorities while managers ensure these to be followed viably. Precisely, the management functions include Organising, Planning, Directing, Staffing, Decision-making and Controlling. All these steps regulate activities in choosing between the alternatives among people and other resources.

Usually, as explained by Munir et al. (2012), the issue that public health industry is facing from other industries is the need for the long-term solutions. The major issues regarding public health industry has proven to be life threatening with Diabetes, Heart Disease, Cancer, Mental and Communicable Illness. In 2017, Annual Report to Nation on Status of Cancer, it is being revealed that the cancer death rates have continued to decline in the last three decades. Besides, as argued by Osborne et al. (2014), Mental illness has become a significant issue in recent years where officials are advocating that mental health is viewed mostly in terms of physical healthy when it comes to public policy and public perception (Harvard Business Review. 2015). As in case of any other organisation, leaders and managers play a decisive role in healthcare on the kind of service provided or the quality of resources used.

In general, the role of a leader will be to develop the health status of the population by delivering services in a proficient way. In order, the manager with other members of the Healthcare unit integrates the technology to provide better services (Popescu & Predescu, 2016). Hence, with the increasing expectations and the developments taking place, managers and leaders face numerous situations in public health industry in contrast to the other industry. Therefore, there is always a need to discover the new competencies for increasing the quality in decision process (Public Health Leadership, 2016). Moreover, the resource scarcity in Public health means that leadership criteria would ensure organisation’s access to the leaders.

Part 2: Leaders in Public Health Industry

For the Interview that was conducted, two Public Health leaders were being interviewed: AB and VK. They were being emailed a set of questions. In response, AB returned his answers within sophisticated time while VK returned his answers just before the deadline. The answers of both the Public leaders were responsive and good regarding the Public Health industry and the way leaders act to move the industry one-step ahead.

AB works in a Healthcare unit for the local government with good knowledge and experience in health education and monitoring services. It was asked by me that why AB had chosen a career in Public health while the answer was adaptive, which defined his goal to work as a true leader and serve people in healthcare. AB also defined that Public health is aimed to deliver the public health systems and services by taking good interest in Programmes that contribute to health care while he answered that virtue of leadership is just to remain under own dominion and supremacy (Santilli & Vogenberg, 2015). AB also said that the best leadership practice he asserts is to choose an action wisely and make the teamwork a priority to perform potential actions. Besides, AB also follows the virtue of “Learn to follow” principle that controls a true leader having no problem (Northouse, 2017). However, AB being asked if these practices different from business leaders or not, he answered that everyone has their own ethics of choosing their way. Hence, may be the principle that AB follows might be followed by someone else.

However, AB also thinks that political commitment to attain support and resources in Public health organisations does create a barrier to leadership. When asked AB about his vision, he said his vision is to develop a “Good Health” initiative that could reduce high percentage of diseases like Tobacco consumption and Mental illness. Besides, AB thinks that the present system is not promoting the community coalitions to address health of a community because new medications are still not in use and inventions are rather illusive (Smith et al. 2015). When I asked regarding the public-private partnerships (PPP), he implied that WHO is working at will but other organisations are not up to the mark while Public health role definitely is to care for disease prevention and improving health status of people.

The experience that AB has received from public health, and on being interviewed, he intended that some public do not understand public health, as there is no awareness among them. AB also answers that public health should be integrated into general health sector because this would maintain a balance among patients who are admitted to hospitals (Wrike.com. 2017). Likewise, he asserts that a practitioner is one who is engaged in a profession while a leader maintains all the ethics of health care and manager follows this with the other member body. AB also believes that mentoring of future leaders is not a solution but the experience will drive the individual with their capabilities to be a good leader in future.

On the other, when I asked these questions to VK who works as a health practitioner in the local health unit, he also gave excellent response but some of his response was quite different from AB. Being asked about his reasons to choose the industry was determined by family members who are also a part of healthcare industry. In his interview, he defines public health is to care for the patients who are suffering from diseases, and his leadership virtue is to maintain others by bringing new measures in healthcare unit. VK thinks that a leader should communicate clearly, so that building relations can be clear and these skills are equally pivotal for business leaders as well (Northouse, 2017).

VK during his interview has said that the potential barrier of public health organisation that is limiting leadership criteria is the increasing demands on state revenues that are costly in most hospitals. In his opinion, the role of public health is to overlook the health agencies so that new programs can be availed for policy development and assurance. Besides, the vision is same as of AB and he thinks that community coalitions are addressing the health community certainly (Sites.psu.edu. 2016). In order, VK has desirably said that PPP is not addressing the concerns, as there is no such good local government body unit until now. However, VK assets that public health should not have any integration because it should be kept different from general health sector to bring expansion (Northouse, 2017). Thus, a leader and practitioner are mostly same but manager follows ethics of a leader, and VK recommends that training and development will surely bring future leaders. 

Part 3: Self- Assessment on Leadership style

From the concept of Northouse (2017), it provides Skills inventory that will assess leadership with technical skills, human skills and conceptual skills. From the observations of Katz, technical skills include skill about the specific work, or the proficiency developed with the analytical skills. Besides, the technical skills are needed for lower executive level so that it can offer guidance to employees. In order, as argued by Santilli & Vogenberg (2015), the human skills are where the leaders are capable to adapt their ideas to build trust among employees, peers and higher organization. Lastly, conceptual skills include the leader’s ability to work on his concepts and ideas to help workers get the job done. Hence, my score was 25 on Technical, 24 on Human and 18 on Conceptual, which suggested me to take a secretarial role due to lack of conceptual skills.

However, from the Rowitz’s Public Health Principles, it is asserted that public health is defined with the role made by the mentors, and the intersection of leaders and managers. As opined by Rowitz (2014), it is effective that honest communication skill is a proper subject to the issues of leadership, and an agenda to lead them successfully. In order, collaboration is a key element that helps agencies to work together with mutual coordination (Wrike.com. 2017). Along this, it is decisive that informed participation in case of policy-making needs access to significant information.

Hence, the major strength that I found to play effectively among leaders is succession planning. I have found it that this kind of development usually needs extensive transfer of individuals among departments, and in health units, it requires experience to make a future leader. With time, I have become sharp and can nurture my proficiency in developing organisation’s vision well and seek others to follow the same path. I also feel that my leadership area has only developed because of remaining active with self-efficacy, and the skills and knowledge I have assembled in my career. In cases, I have found myself disruptive but I had managed myself to be aware of the situations and delivering it rather positively.

According to Popescu & Predescu (2016), much of the context is discussed on the ethos of leadership virtue. It is asserted that leaders are the principal path to the long-term development and learning. However, it is effective that a continual growth should be achieved so that there would be no concerns in public health industry. Because I have received a low score on my conceptual skills, it denotes that I have not able to take the measure of organisation’s strategic plan and come with new set of ideas.  Besides, it is evident to develop remedies for the benefit of organisation and for that, I believe that my ability should have prioritize need to learn. Thus, my orientation was just to develop the leadership skills that could work out possibly for long-term resistance for my organisation.

Conclusion

The review paper on leadership concludes that it is a complex phenomenon, and this needs key leaders to maintain and ensure that effective propagation in public health industry is being well maintained. Besides, with criteria of strong leadership phenomena, one could strive towards an effective profession that is suitable for him/her. However, the paper mainly contrasts the idea of leaders vs. the managers with the self-assessment made on the leadership style on succession planning. Thus, a critique is also made by interviewing two leaders from Public Health industry.