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Understanding sustainable innovation as a complex adaptive system

The prime purpose of the study is to Critically Review a Research Journal Article 'understanding sustainable innovation as a complex adaptive system: A systemic approach to the firm'. In this particular article, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) elucidated how the organisations incorporate new system, processes, strategies and behaviour for sustaining innovation. Here, the prime aim of the study is to analyse how well the article evaluates the concept of innovation for sustainability associated with system thinking and complex adaptive system. Firstly, the key points and themes of the discussion of the article would be identified. Afterwards, the views of the article would be justified by comparing it with that of the other research papers.  

            In this section, the article and its major discussion areas are highlighted as well as summarized. It has been found that Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) defined the complex adaptive system as a non-linear, recursive and self-organised process. The discussion crucially concentrated on five ontological components of sustainable innovation that include holistic, instrumental, organizational, collaborative, and operational. Along with that, the authors explained three prime patters of interactions and inter-connections through the three complex adaptive system phenomena. In this context, it is essential to mention that those three patters include non-linearity, self-organisation, and emergence. Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) further defined the pattern non-linearity as the interrelation established between several components such as level of stability, rates of change, positive and negative feedbacks and so on. These are considered as the most essential factors in a sustainable innovation process. Furthermore, it has been stated that the self-organisation is the process which enhances as well as improves the r ........

trategies and behaviour for sustaining innovation. Here, the prime aim of the study is to analyse how well the article evaluates the concept of innovation for sustainability associated with system thinking and complex adaptive system. Firstly, the key points and themes of the discussion of the article would be identified. Afterwards, the views of the article would be justified by comparing it with that of the other research papers.  

            In this section, the article and its major discussion areas are highlighted as well as summarized. It has been found that Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) defined the complex adaptive system as a non-linear, recursive and self-organised process. The discussion crucially concentrated on five ontological components of sustainable innovation that include holistic, instrumental, organizational, collaborative, and operational. Along with that, the authors explained three prime patters of interactions and inter-connections through the three complex adaptive system phenomena. In this context, it is essential to mention that those three patters include non-linearity, self-organisation, and emergence. Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) further defined the pattern non-linearity as the interrelation established between several components such as level of stability, rates of change, positive and negative feedbacks and so on. These are considered as the most essential factors in a sustainable innovation process. Furthermore, it has been stated that the self-organisation is the process which enhances as well as improves the regularity of the components interactions. Lastly, emergence is the process of implementing radical experimentation including new technology, new process, changing rules and so on (Inigo, Edurne& Laura, 2016).

However, it is important to compare this particular research paper with other researches conducted by other authors. It would help to justify the views that Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) depicted here. In order to compare the selected journal article, here six more articles have been considered.

In the respective article, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) shared the viewpoint that the modern technology is something more than only advanced technology process. In order to be more precise, the authors defined it with a systematic view that has transformative power. Broader multi-level changes are the only way of sustaining innovation in the business. However, arguments take place where Boons &Lüdeke-Freund (2013) opined that the prime component of sustainable innovation is maintaining the same process with better and effective strategy. This particular research does not support the concept of changes in order to sustain the innovation as it may be uncertain the outcome. However, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) cleared its point of view that the effective interaction between the sustainable innovation components is the only way of dealing with possible challenges.

Apart from this, in a research paper, Boons et al. (2013) criticized that in most of the cases the organisations fail to interrelate the components of sustainable innovation. This is the prime reason of failing to sustain the innovation. Here, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) specifically identified five components of sustainable innovation that include operational, collaborative, organizational, instrumental, and holistic. It has been explained that the operational components primarily handle material causes. The collaborative component handles the formal causes. In order to be more precise, the collaborative component majorly linked with the pattern of generating sustainable innovation.

According to Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016), the efficient causes are handled as well as managed by the organizational component because the transformation is occurred due to effective, sustainable, innovative practices. The performance goals are achieved by the instrumental components, and lastly, the holistic components explore the new sustainable paradigm. However, Gauthier & Wooldridge (2012) argued that there are no certain factors that have the same impact on all the organizational practices in all the sectors. 

Furthermore, according to another research paper, Ayuso et al. (2011) shared a different viewpoint that adapting complicated system might cause of failure sustaining innovation. The managers should understand the present situation and act by considering the current goal only. Whereas, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) stated that sustainable innovation could be defined from a complex adaptive system perspective. The complex adaptive system is nothing but a strategic management which leads all the five components by evolving adaptive and self-organizing solutions and aiming complex dynamics of future business needs. 

Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) also discussed the external pressure and how the sustainable innovation should response towards it. It has been mentioned here that the businesses should track the environmental trends in order to create new social and environmental value. This is essential to improve the system transition and incorporate innovation. Watson &Sauter (2011) shared a different information that the external pressure such a political changes, several government rules have a major impact on the innovation process. In the changing process, a business should consider the effect of all these factors in order to enhance the social value of organizational practices.

Additionally, Schiederig, Tietze&Herstatt (2012) stated that the nature of sustainability is majorly associated with linear innovation. The linear innovation suggests technical changes and builds effectivity of overall organizational operations. On the other way, Inigo, Edurne& Laura (2016) argued that sustainability nature is closely related to non-linear innovation rather than linear. More specifically, a firm can be involved in several innovative components at the same time in order to promote sustainable development.

It can be concluded that sustainable innovation is a strategic thinking that needs to be led with effective process. Most of the organisations fail to sustain innovation due to not having clear knowledge on sustainable innovation. Here, the study represents a critical discussion in order to justify the views that the respective article demonstrated. Henceforth, it is recommended that the organisations should incorporate this complex adaptive system through strategic thinking and effective practices. Furthermore, the study concludes that organisational changes are the key to sustainable innovation. However, the managers should keep it in mind that strategic management is required for dealing with the probable risks and challenges.